Blog

Group will teach analysis of Fermi LAT data in dark matter school

On the final week of July, members of our research group (Fabio, Raniere & Rodrigo) will be teaching a lesson on the analysis of Fermi LAT gamma-ray observations in the School and Workshop on Dark Matter and Neutrino Detection at ICTP-SAIFR. In this hands-on activity, we will teach how to analyze gamma-ray data for a dwarf galaxy, do a simple estimate of the dark matter cross section and reproduce the analysis described in Ackermann et al. (2015).

It will be fun!

Astrophysicists Arts & Culture

Science and art are two fascinating human creations. They both have the power to represent the world in two completely different approaches. In our work, we chose the first one and we always try to coldly describe the physical properties of the cosmos.

But we are humans too, and art fans. In a casual group lunch we take some photos and using the Google Arts & Culture app we find the artistic counterparts for each of the present group members. The result you can see in the following image.

Black Hole Group members - Artistic Counterpart

We have some good matches and other funny ones, in the end we all agree that the app has a good machine learning code, but this is a topic for other post. After I have seen all these artistic work I just hope that the app is correct and that we are beautiful as these paintings.

NVIDIA donation to the group

I am excited to announce that today we received a generous donation from NVIDIA through its GPU Grant Program, which will allow us to accelerate our science to another scale. We received a Quadro P6000 GPU, packing a powerful punch of 12 TFLOPS of FP32 processing power and 24 GB. This GPU will allow us to severely speed up the calculations of electromagnetic spectra from black holes that our group is developing. One estimate that always amazes me: this GPU is almost faster than the whole computer cluster—called Alphacrucis—that our institute hosts, which has 2300 CPUs (~20 TFLOPS) and was purchased in 2011.

Thanks to NVIDIA for the great gift, which will soon be put to good use. Let’s see those fans spin at maximum RPM! Science!

IMG_2003
Some of the grad students in our group with the new GPU donated by NVIDIA. From left to right: Fabio, Gustavo, Raniere and Ivan.
IMG_2005
Rodrigo happily holding the Quadro GPU

Group training on GPU programming w/ OpenACC

Last Friday we had a group meeting with João Paulo Navarro from NVIDIA. João Paulo gave an OpenACC tutorial to the group, demonstrating how easy it is to accelerate scientific codes on GPUs. With just two lines of code (yes, I said two lines), we made a partial differential equation solver run almost 10x faster on a GPU! It is truly impressive.

We have great plans ahead, with some group projects where we anticipate huge speedups using GPUs. Stay tuned!

IMG_1987 (1)
The Black Hole Group after the OpenACC training with J. P. Navarro (NVIDIA; sitting at the rightmost side).

New grad student in the group obtains FAPESP scholarship

Let’s congratulate Artur Vemado─the newest graduate student in the group─who got a prestigious FAPESP scholarship. Artur just graduated with an astronomy degree at USP. His project will consist of incorporating radiative cooling in the energy equation of hot accretion flows, in order to investigate state transitions in black hole binaries.

Chocolate, raclette and black holes

(with contributions by Ivan Almeida)

The Saas-Fee course is a yearly series of lectures usually held in the ski resort of Saas-Fee, Switzerland. This year, the 48th edition of the Saas-Fee course was held between 28th January and 3rd February, and was devoted to black holes. More specifically, the main subjects were black hole formation and growth. Four members of the group – Fábio, Gustavo, Ivan and Raniere – attended the event and presented their current work in the form of panels.

With about 130 participants coming from all over the world, the school was a valuable place to exchange experiences and ideas. The lectures, which were presented by professors Neil Cornish (Montana State University), Tiziana Di Mattteo (Carnegie Mellon University) and Andrew King (University of Leicester), focused on different aspects of black holes, including both theory and observations.

Professor Cornish covered theoretical and instrumental topics on mergers of compact objects as well as gravitational waves emerging from these events. He finished by including what we may expect in the next couple of years with the improvement of our current detectors’ capabilities and the addition of new gravitational wave detectors – both ground-based as well as the space-based LISA.

Professor Di Matteo’s lectures focused on the cosmological history of black holes, covering subjects like primordial black holes – and their possible origins -, first quasars and the current cosmological state of supermassive black holes in the center of galaxies.

Professor King presented a theoretical overview on accretion flows around black holes and black hole feedback, covering the formation and necessity for accretion flows, the black hole influence on its surroundings as well as a few open questions on the subject.

All lectures were very good, just like the chocolate and the cheese.

Saas-Fee
Saas-Fee is a little village in the Swiss Alps – a truly amazing view.

New paper: The Multiwavelength Spectrum of NGC 3115

Last week, in collaboration with astrophysicists from USA and China, our group’s paper was accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS). The paper is about the properties of the spectral energy density (SED) of the nearby galaxy NGC 3115, that hosts a billion solar mass black hole in a low-luminosity  active galactic nucleus (LLAGN). Behind the spectrum of this galaxy there is a lot of information about the state of the gas flow around the supermassive black hole.

This work is a compilation of observational data of NGC 3115 nucleus followed by modeling of the spectrum considering the electromagnetic processes for the case of a radiatively inefficient accretion flow (RIAF), as the observation suggests. The main part of the work is the analysis of the radio emission that can be well-explained only considering the synchrotron emission from the RIAF, without the need of relativistic jet arising from the LLAGN,

The main result of the paper is a tight constraint on the density profile (ρ) of the accretion flow ρ(r) ∝ r -0.73 +0.01-0.02 which implies an important mass-loss via subrelativistic outflows (i.e. winds) in the RIAF. Our modeling suggests a nonthermal population of electrons in the flow too, similarly to SgrA*—the supermassive black hole in the center of our Galaxy—models.

sed3115
The main plot of the paper. In the left the thermal SED. In the right is a zoom in radio region of spectrum: the red dash-dotted line is the thermal component of electron population and the blue dashed line is due to the nonthermal electron population, the black solid line is the resulting spectrum.

 

Postdoctoral position ICTP-SAIFR/USP to join our group

There is a FAPESP postdoctoral position opening for working in our group and collaborating with researchers at ICTP-SAIFR. This position is for a double appointment at USP and ICTP-SAIFR.

Review of applications will begin in January 2018 and will continue until all positions have been filled. Although there is no strict deadline, applications before December 15, 2017 are strongly recommended for positions to begin in 2018.

More information in the website.

 

Participação de membro do grupo no Jornal Band News

Ontem à noite, participei do Jornal Band News contando a importância da grande descoberta astronômica sobre a colisão das duas estrelas de nêutrons.

Foi um momento histórico, o início da era da astronomia dos multi-mensageiros: observação de ondas gravitacionais e luz vindos de uma mesma fonte astronômica! E a resposta ao mistério da origem dos elementos mais pesados que o ferro da tabela periódica.

Espero que tenha passado os principais aspectos da descoberta, ressaltando a participação de muitos astrônomos no Brasil em vários estados—RN, RJ, SP, SC e SE—e em várias instituições—INPE e UFRN (times do LIGO/VIRGO), e USP, ON, UFRJ, UFSE e UFSC (contrapartida eletromagnética).